Is cannabis legal in Texas?
No, adult-use cannabis is currently illegal in Texas. A limited program makes low-THC, high-CBD cannabis available to patients.
Possession of 2 ounces (56.7 grams) or less of cannabis is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to 180 days in jail and a $2,000 fine for a first offense. The offender’s driver’s license is suspended upon conviction.
The Texas Legislature in June 2015 passed the Texas Compassionate Use Act, or SB 339, authorizing organizations to cultivate, process, and dispense low-THC cannabis to qualifying patients. It allowed individuals with intractable epilepsy and registered caregivers acting on their behalf to purchase cannabis with no more than 0.5% THC and a 20-to-1 concentration of CBD to THC.
Only patients who are permanent residents of Texas can be registered to the Compassionate Use Registry of Texas (CURT). The law tasked the Texas Department of Public Safety with overseeing the statewide program to provide cannabis products to registered patients.
The law specifically prohibits ingesting low-THC cannabis by smoking.
Gov. Greg Abbott signed HB 3703, expanding the qualifying conditions for medical marijuana use and eliminating the need for a second physician’s opinion and the 20-to-1 concentration requirement. However, the bill did not amend the language “prescribe” and “prescription,” which may be used only with FDA-approved substances.
Where is it safe to purchase?
Only patients in the registry who have been diagnosed with a qualifying condition by a state-certified physician can purchase CBD products with low-THC from a DPS-licensed medical dispensary.
With only three dispensaries in a state the size of Texas, delivery is a must. Dispensaries deliver in Austin and the San Antonio area but can ship throughout the state. DPS says it only licensed three dispensaries to correspond with the number of severe epilepsy patients in the state. Now that the list of qualifying conditions has expanded, the number of dispensaries may as well.
Medical cannabis is available in tincture, lozenge, and topical forms.
Where is it safe to consume?
The law does not mention any restrictions on where a patient can legally possess or consume medical cannabis.
Possession limits are set by the patient’s physician and specified in their prescription.
The law specifically prohibits smoking low-THC cannabis; therefore, possession of any amount of cannabis flower is prohibited. For non-patients, possession of 2 ounces (56.7 grams) or less of cannabis is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to 180 days in jail and a $2,000 fine for a first offense. The offender’s driver’s license is suspended upon conviction.
Home cultivation is illegal in Texas.
Medical marijuana registry
CURT is the system that allows physicians to register and prescribe low-THC cannabis to qualified patients. No registry identification card is needed, nor is there a fee to participate in the program. Once certified and added to the registry by their attending physician, patients can purchase low-THC cannabis products from any state-licensed dispensary.
- Epilepsy or other seizure disorder
- Incurable neurodegenerative diseases including:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig’s disease
- Huntington’s disease
- Muscular dystrophy
- Parkinson’s disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Terminal cancer
There is no age restriction for patients; however, patients younger than 18 will need a parent or legal guardian to obtain medical cannabis. Patients in the registry are authorized to purchase and consume medical cannabis if they meet eligibility requirements, which include:
- Established permanent Texas residency
- Diagnosed with a qualifying condition that grants patient access to medicinal cannabis
- Prescribed low-THC (less than 0.5% THC) cannabis by a qualified physician
There is no provision for caregivers in the Compassionate Use Program. Patients who need assistance obtaining or using medicinal cannabis may have their prescription filled and administered by a legal guardian if the prescribing physician has added the guardian’s ID information to the patient’s file in the CURT system.
Participants in CUP must be permanent residents of Texas.
Low-THC products are not required to go through lab testing.
Frequently Asked Questions
Weed is not legal in Texas. Possession of 2 ounces (56.7 grams) or less of cannabis is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to 180 days in jail and a $2,000 fine for a first offense. The offender’s driver’s license is suspended upon conviction.
While some counties and cities have reduced possession penalties, marijuana is not decriminalized in Texas. Possession of 2 ounces (56.7 grams) or less of cannabis is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to 180 days in jail and a $2,000 fine for a first offense. The offender’s driver’s license is suspended upon conviction.
While we can’t predict the future, we do know that Alabamians can’t petition to get an medical marijuana initiative added to the ballot. Any path to legalize marijuana would have to go through the state legislature. The state did legalize medical cannabis in 2021 but made it very clear that this does not open the door to recreational consumption.
Alabama’s criminal code says possession of any amount of marijuana is a Class D felony for anyone other than registered medical cannabis patients and their caregivers. But you should consult an attorney for specific legal questions.
Other than what’s listed above under medical cannabis, all forms of marijuana, including plants, are illegal in Alabama.